Tuesday, November 25, 2008

Timeline of August war

This timeline is for the preceding post about the outbreak of the war. It was compiled from news sources and my reporting.


July: Increase in shootings between separatists and Georgian forces across South Ossetia’s de facto borders. Both sides improve military positions. Georgia and South Ossetia’s de facto government accuse each other of escalating the situation.

Aug. 1: Convoy carrying Dmitry Sanakoev, leader of Georgian-controlled South Ossetia, is attacked, injuring 5 policemen.

Aug. 1-2: Intense fighting overnight in South Ossetia leaves at least 6 dead and 22 injured on both sides. Heavier mortars are fired than previously used.

Aug. 3: Sporadic shelling and shooting continues.

Aug. 5: Increased shooting and shelling in Georgian- and separatist-controlled villages around Tskhinvali, de facto capital of South Ossetia. EU and US call for negotiations.

Aug. 6: Georgian combat troops begin moving towards front lines near Tskhinvali.

Aug. 7: Shooting and shelling continue in the morning and early afternoon. Georgian military observers are ordered to leave posts of joint Russian-Georgian peacekeeping forces.

1 PM: Part of Georgia’s National Security Council meets to discuss situation. On Sept. 15, Georgia says it had intelligence that Russians troops had illegally entered South Ossetia and Abkhazia. The Council tells Pres. Mikheil Saakashvili that a “red line” has been crossed, according to several members.

Negotiations between Georgia, South Ossetia and Russia fall apart.

7 PM: Saakashvili announces unilateral ceasefire on television.

Several Georgian-controlled villages are shelled. Russian peacekeepers say separatist-controlled village of Khetagurovo is shelled.

11:30 PM: Georgian artillery opens fire on Tskhinvali without announcing end of cease fire. Saakashvili orders military to stop Russian military units entering Georgia, suppress separatists artillery and protect civilians.

Aug. 8: Additional Russian forces begin moving into Georgia following shelling of Tskhinvali.

Morning: Georgian forces assault Tskhinvali. They control most of city by early afternoon. Russian jets bomb Georgian positions and towns.

10:30 PM: Georgian forces retreat from Tskhinvali after clashing with advance Russian troops.

Aug. 9: Russian military planes bombarded the Georgian port Poti and its military base in Senaki.

Abkhazia started a military operation against Georgia in Kodori Gorge.

Aug. 10: Russian patrols enter Gori, and pull out before city is bombarded by planes and artillery.

Aug. 11: Russian planes bomb outskirts of Tbilisi. Russian troops gain control of Gori.

Aug. 12: Russia and Georgia agree to peace plan proposed by French Pres. Nicolas Sarkozy.

Russian Pres. Dmitry Medvedev declares end of Russian peacekeeping mission in South Ossetia and Abkhazia.

Aug. 13: US humanitarian aid arrives in Tbilisi.

Aug. 15: Saakashvili signs peace plan.

Aug. 16: Medvedev signs peace plan. Russian forces enter Georgian-controlled Akhalgori District.

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